The number of people with health insurance rose by 1.2 million between 2000 and 2001, to 240.9 million, but at the same time the number of uninsured rose by 1.4 million, to 41.2 million, the Commerce Department's Census Bureau reported today. Meanwhile, an estimated 14.6 percent of the population had no health insurance coverage during all of 2001, up from 14.2 percent in 2000.
The number (8.5 million) and proportion (11.7 percent) of uninsured children did not change significantly.
The number and percentage of people covered by government health
insurance programs rose significantly between 2000 and 2001. This resulted
largely from an increase in the number (from 29.5 million to 31.6 million)
and percentage (from 10.6 percent to 11.2 percent) of people covered by
Although Medicaid insured 13.3 million poor people, another 10.1 million
poor people had no health insurance in 2001. They represented 30.7 percent
of the poor, unchanged from 2000.
Young adults (18-to-24 years old) remained the least likely of any age
group to have health insurance in 2001. Nearly 72 percent of this age
group had coverage.
Based on three-year averages, American Indians and Alaska Natives
were the least likely of the major racial groups to have health
Based on three-year averages, the proportion of people without health
insurance ranged from around 7.2 percent in Rhode Island and Minnesota to
around 23.2 percent in New Mexico and Texas. Based on two-year moving averages, the proportion of people without coverage fell in 14 states and
rose in nine between 2000 and 2001.
Compared with 2000, the proportion of people who had employment-based policies in their own name fell for workers employed by firms with fewer
than 25 employees, but was unchanged for those employed by larger firms.
The estimates in these reports are based on the 2000, 2001 and 2002
Current Population Survey's annual demographic supplements. These health
insurance coverage estimates, the first to use population estimates based
on Census 2000 results, also include the results of a sample expansion of
28,000 households. The larger sample was designed to improve the
reliability of national and state estimates.
Because results presented in these reports were recalculated based on
the expanded sample and Census 2000 results, the new estimates could
differ from previously released estimates. All statements in the reports
have undergone statistical testing and all comparisons cited are statistically significant
From a US Census Bureau Press Release,
September 30, 2002
Covering the Uninsured: A national campaign of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and twelve major national organizations to raise awareness of the challenges facing the 39 million Americans with no health insurance.
Health Care For All: Health Care For All is dedicated to making quality and affordable health care accessible to everyone - regardless of income, social or economic status.
Health Insurance Consumer Guides: The Georgetown University Health Policy Institute offers a Consumer Guide for Getting and Keeping Health Insurance, for each state and the District of Columbia. Site also includes a newsletter and consumer alerts concerning troubled health insurers.
Health Insurance Resource Center: Resources for the selfemployed to understand their health insurance. Includes glossary of industry terms, tips, FAQs on individual health insurance, and risk pool information.
Universal Health Care Action Network: UHCAN! provides a national resource center and facilitates information sharing and the development of strategies for health care justice, that is, universal, high quality, and publicly accountable health care.
Number of Americans Without Insurance Reaches Highest Level on Record: The number of uninsured Americans surged to 45 million in 2003, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the highest level on record. The availability of health insurance coverage under Medicaid and SCHIP was essential in a year in which employerbased coverage continued to decline. (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities: August 27, 2004)
The Health Care Divide: Last year, Congress passed, and President Bush signed into law, legislation expanding high-deductible health insurance. (Center for American Progress: August 11, 2004)
Health Insurance Squeeze Is Here: Documents what has happened to health insurance coverage as employers have limited access to affordable health insurance. (Center for American Progress: June 17, 2004).
A Flawed Approach to the Uninsured: About 60 percent of the more than 43 million uninsured Americans work for or own small businesses. (Center for American Progress: May 12, 2004)
Prevailing Health Principles: Recently the Institute of Medicine challenged our leaders to take a principled approach to achieving universal health insurance coverage in the U.S. by 2010. The president's new budget fails to meet this challenge, offering instead proposals intended to garner more political points than new health coverage. (Center for American Progress: February 18, 2004)
Unanswered Questions on Proposals to Cover Uninsured: The Institute of Medicine has issued a challenge to the President and Congress to ensure that every person in this country has health insurance by 2010. Will President Bush meet this challenge? (Center for American Progress: January 14, 2004)
Smart Health Care Reform: Sen. John Kerry would offer more opportunities for Americans to obtain coverage, stronger incentives for doctors to improve care and prevent mistakes, and public reforms to bolster private efforts to hold down costs and improve quality. (Progressive Policy Institute)