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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
Administration for Children and Families
Federal Developmental Disabilities Programs
There are nearly four million Americans with developmental disabilities. Developmental disabilities are severe, chronic disabilities attributable to mental and/or physical impairment which manifest before age 22 and are likely to continue indefinitely. They result in substantial limitations in three or more areas: self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, and economic self-sufficiency, as well as the continuous need for individually planned and coordinated services.
The major goal of the programs is a partnership with state governments, local communities, and the private sector to assist people with developmental disabilities to reach maximum potential through increased independence, productivity, and community integration. They address all elements of the life cycle: prevention; diagnosis; early intervention; therapy; education; training; employment; and community living and leisure opportunities.
The Developmental Disabilities programs comprise three State-based programs that collaborate from different mandated activity areas. A fourth program addresses issues that are of concern to residents across the nation.
Developmental Disabilities Grant Programs
Four grant programs will received $122.3 million in FY 2000.
State Developmental Disabilities Councils
Formula grants support Councils in the States to promote capacity building and advocacy activities, the development of a consumer and family-centered comprehensive system, and a coordinated array of culturally competent services, supports, and other assistance designed to help people with developmental disabilities achieve independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion into the community. The Councils address employment issues, and may also address community living activities, child development activities, system coordination and community education activities, and other activities.
These state grants are allotted on the basis of population, financial need, and need for service. Fifty-five states and territories receive Council grants. For FY 2000, $65.8 million is available.
Protection and Advocacy (P&A) Program
The Protection and Advocacy (P&A) Program provides for the protection and advocacy of legal and human rights through formula grants to States. The P&A systems advocate on behalf of, and provide advocacy services to, persons with developmental disabilities in areas related to their disabilities, including: education, abuse and neglect, institutional and habilitation services, guardianship and housing issues. These systems have provided individual advocacy to about 40,000 clients per year, pursued class-action advocacy on behalf of hundreds of thousands per year, and also provided training and information and referral services to additional thousands.
These State grants are allotted on the basis of population, financial need, and need for service. Fifty-six States and territories receive P&A grants. For FY 2000, $28.1 million is available.
University Affiliated Programs (UAP)
UAP is a discretionary grant program for public and private, non-profit agencies affiliated with a university. Annual grants provide for interdisciplinary training, exemplary services, technical assistance, and information/dissemination activities.
The program is designed to garner additional assistance for a national network of UAPs. UAPs support activities which address individual needs from birth to old age, a variety of service issues from prevention to early intervention to supported employment, and a broad range of disabilities.
The UAP now consists of 61 programs which have provided clinical and community-based service and technical assistance to community services personnel. In addition, 61 UAPs receive supplemental training grants for early intervention, community-based programs, and other activities.
For FY 2000, $18.2 million was available in grants for operational and administrative support as part of a national network.
Projects of National Significance (PNS)
PNS funds are awarded to public or private, non-profit institutions to enhance the independence, productivity, integration and inclusion into the community of people with developmental disabilities. Monies also support the development of national and state policy.
These Projects focus on the most pressing issues affecting people with developmental disabilities and their families. Issues transcend the borders of states and territories, but must be addressed in a manner which allows for local implementation of practical solutions. Examples include:
This document is not necessarily endorsed by the Almanac of Policy Issues. It is being preserved in the Policy Archive for historic reasons.