American foreign policy, shaped
for decades by an ongoing Cold War with the former Soviet Union, is today
still adjusting to post-Cold War realities. The dangerous, but relatively
simple, bipolar world of two competing nuclear superpowers has dissolved
into a unipolar or multipolar world, depending upon one's view of U.S.
dominance of the international arena.
U.S. foreign and national security policy
has shifted from containing Soviet communism to addressing conflicts in
smaller, but still dangerous, hotspots throughout the world. Often in
conjunction with international bodies like the United Nations or NATO,
much of American foreign policy now focuses on peacekeeping efforts in
places like the Kosovo, Iraq, or Afghanistan.
Debates over many foreign policy and
national security issues continue to be drawn along traditional left-right
lines. A leading example is defense spending, where conservatives call
for significant increases and liberals a shifting of resources to domestic
needs. But the left and right are themselves each split between internationalists,
who believe the U.S. should maintain a strong international presence,
and isolationists who believe the U.S. should avoid unnecessary international
entanglements. Indeed, this split has a much longer history in American
foreign policy, extending well back before the Cold War and World War
II, when isolationists opposed U.S. entry until the Japanese attacked
American foreign policy, of course, encompasses
much more than matters of war and peace. As the world becomes more intertwined,
economically, issues of globalism, foreign trade, international investment
and foreign aid are all increasingly important. All of these issues are
the focus of this section.
- Political Magazines: The Almanac's links to political and public policy magazine sites.
- Public Policy Jobs: Sites listing public policy, lobbying, and media jobs in government and at major national organizations.
- Questia: Search over 400,000 books and journals at Questia online.
Government - International Bodies
- CIAO: Journals: Collection of abstracts of current issues of international affairs journals, with links to journal home pages where applicable.
- Fletcher Forum of World Affairs: Journal of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. Selected articles available as PDFs in current and past issues; contribution and distribution information, related links, and subscription form provided.
- Foreign Affairs: Journal of global current events, foreign policy, and international relations published by the Council on Foreign Relations. Chronological, regional, topical, bibliographical, and searchable indices of current and past reports, as well as reader services and magazine background and history. Some content available in Spanish and Japanese. Links to related sites.
- Foreign Policy: Flagship magazine of the Washington, D.C.based Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Site features full text from current issue, breaking global news headlines, country intelligence, searchable archives and indices, and related links.
- Harvard International Review: Harvard International Relations Council's journal on foreign affairs. Full text of selected articles; abstracts from current issue with searchable index of past issues; information on subscription and submission to the print edition.
- National Interest: A quarterly journal of international affairs and diplomacy founded by Irving Kristol. Noted for its issue featuring the "End of History" by Francis Fukuyama.
- World Policy Journal: Journal of international relations published by the World Policy Institute, an internationalist organization affiliated with New School University. Archives of recent issues, text and discussion on current articles, writer's guidelines, and reader services.
- American Enterprise Institute - Foreign Policy Studies
- British American Security Information Council (BASIC): Independent research organization that analyzes international security issues. Analysis and updates on all key international nuclear related events.
- Brookings Institution - American Foreign Policy
- Brookings Institution - Foreign Policy Studies
- Brookings Institution - National Security Council Project
- Cato Institute - Defense and National Security
- Cato Institute - Foreign Policy
- Cato Institute - General Strategy and U.S. Foreign Policy
- Center for American Progress - Foreign Policy
- Center for Security Policy: A U.S. national security think tank specializing in decision briefs and press releases on critical foreign policy and military defense matters. Site includes an extensive subject area archive dating from 1988, including abstracts.
- Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments: An independent policy research institute providing news and publications on military strategy, defense budgets and programs, weapon systems and critical technologies, personnel issues, force readiness, future warfare, and defense industries. Links to related materials.
- Center for Strategic and International Studies: A public policy research institution dedicated to analysis and policy impact. CSIS is the only institution of its kind that maintains resident experts on all the world's major geographical regions. It also covers key functional areas, such as international finance, U.S. domestic and economic policy, and U.S. foreign policy and national security issues.
- Century Foundation - International Affairs
- Council for a Livable World
- Council on Foreign Relations: Nonpartisan membership organization and research center dedicated to understanding the world by better comprehending global trends and contributing ideas to U.S. foreign policy. Publisher of the journal Foreign Affairs.
- Federation of American Scientists
- Heritage Foundation - Foreign Policy
- Heritage Foundation - National Security.org
- Hoover Institution - International Rivalries and Global Cooperation
- Hoover Institution - The National Security Forum
- Jane's Online
- The National Security Archive at George Washington University: Provides access to government documents declassified under the Freedom of Information Act(FOIA)in the form of electronic briefing books. The text of the FOIA itself is also available, as well as guidelines for requesting documents from the Government.
- Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development: A policyoriented research and consulting organization. Promotes international cooperation for security and ecologically sustainable development. Programs embrace both global and regional issues, with a focus on the Asia Pacific region.
- Progressive Policy Institute - Foreign Policy
- Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
- Townhall.com - Foreign Policy
- Townhall.com - National Security
- Urban Institute - International Activities